Explained: Biology Basics - discussed the foundation of upcoming topic Cytology.
Explained: Meaning & Significance of Biology, How life came on earth, How first organism formed, First sign of life, Features of living beings
Explained: Microspectrophotometry, X-ray crystallography, Autoradiography, Microscopy.
Explained: Cyto-chemistry, Cell fractionation & Ultra-centrifugation, Chromatography.
Explained: Microbodies, Peroxysome, Glyoxysome, Spherosome, Centrioles, Central vacuole, Cell sap
Explained: Histone & Non-Histone Proteins, Chromosomal banding, FISH & McFISH, Nucleosomal model, Lampbrush Chromosome, Polytene Chromosome.
Explained: Metaphasic chromosome, Chromatid, chromonemata & Chromomere, Telomere, Telomerase, Human karyotype, Karyotype & Ideogram, Significance of Karyotyping, Amniocentesis & Chorionic villi sampling, Heteropycnosis, Euchromatin vs. Heterochromatin, Types of Heterochromatin, Important points for AIIMS.
Explained: Chromatin reticulum, Chromosomes, n, 2n & x, SAT chromosomes, Chromosome types, Kinetochores, Important points for AIIMS
Explained : Details of Nucleus structure, Nuclear envelope, Nuclear pore complex, Nucleoplasm, Nucleolus, sat chromosomes, Important points for AIIMS
Explained: Nucleus, Significance of nucleus, Karyoplasmic index, Why cell divides?, Shape of nucleus, The nucleus is physical basis of heredity, Nucleus & its components.
Explained: Cytoskeletal, Microtubules, Microfilaments, Intermediate filaments, Functions of cytoskeleton, Cilia & Flagella, 9+ 2 axoneme.
Explained: Ribosomes, Type of ribosomes, Details of ribosomes, rRNA & its types in ribosomes, Nucleolus & Ribosomal synthesis, Functions of Ribosomes, Overview of Translation.
Explained: Endomembrane system, Lysosome, Types of Lysosomes, Importance of lysosomes, Functions of lysosomes, Vacuoles, Central vacuole & Contractile vacuole.
Explained: Endomembrane system, Golgi body, Cisternae, Polarity in Golgi body, Dictyosome, Functions of Golgi complex, Acrosome
Explained: Endomembrane system, Endoplasmic reticulum, Endoskeletal of cell, Functions of RER & SER.
Explained: Plastids, Type of plastids, Chloroplast, Chromoplast, Leukoplast, Type of leukoplast, Details of Chloroplast, Functions of chloroplast, Overview of Photosynthesis
Explained : Functions of Mitochondria Gateway reaction, ETS, ATP Synthetase, Chemiosmosis, Powerhouse of cell
Explained: Semiautonomous cell organelles, Endosymbiotic theory, Mitochondria, Mitochondria structure
Explained: Functions of the cell membrane, Transport across cell, Passive transport, facilitated diffusion, Active transport, Basics of Diffusion, Basics of osmosis, Bulk transport, exocytosis endocytosis, The membrane as a signal receiver.
Explained: Models of Cell membrane, Butter sandwich model, Unit membrane concept, Faults in previous models, Most accepted model - Fluid mosaic model, Extra stroke points for AIIMS, Aquaporins.
Explained: Sterol in membrane, Membrane fluidity regulation, Role of membrane fluidity in cell physiology,
Explained: Details of cell membrane, Membrane proteins, Membrane lipids, Cholesterol.
Explained: Cell membrane - Basics, Need of Membrane, How to study a membrane?, Composition of membrane, Glycoprotein & Glycolipids, MHC & Cell identification, Membrane nature
Explained: Plasmodesmata, Desmotubules, Phragmoplast, cell plate, process of cytokinesis, Cell coat or glycocalyx, ECM (extracellular matrix), Plasma membrane basics.
Explained: Cell wall, primary wall, secondary wall, tertiary wall, middle lamella, retting of fibers, lignification, primary and secondary deposition.
Explained : Parts of cell - Protoplasm, Cytoplasm, Cytosol, Hyaloplasm, Organelles, Nucleus, Streaming movements - Rotation & Circulation, HeLa cells, Types of cells in multicellular organisms, Cell wall.
Explained: Plant cell vs. Animal cell, Protoplasm, Compartmentalization
Explained: More insight about Prokaryotic cell as per XI NCERT chapter - 8
Explained: Fundamental differences between prokaryotic cells and Eukaryotic cells
Explained : Surface - Volume ratio of cell & its significance, How large cells adapted to become more efficient, How the cells organised themselves against entropy, Why cells divide, Why active organs have smaller cells, Why is the cell is an open system, Cell size variations
Explained: Discovery of Cell, Discovery of Living cell, Cell theory, Cell principle, Exceptions to cell theory, Cellular totipotency, applications of totipotency, Pasteur's experiment in support of Virchow
Explained: Variables affecting enzyme actions, Concept of Michalis Menten constant, Enzyme catalysed Rate of reaction and substrate concentration, Enzyme catalysed Rate of reaction and temperature, Effect of pH on enzyme catalysed reaction, Enzyme concentration and rate of reaction
Explained: Isozymes, Inducible enzymes, Repressible enzymes, Constitutive enzymes, Enzyme inhibition, Competitive inhibition, Non competitive inhibition, Feed back inhibition, Type of enzymes, Ribozymes & RNAase-P
Explained: Enzyme properties, Catalytic property, Turn over number, Active sites, Thermolabile nature, Why pH & temperature affect enzymes?, Lock & key Theory, Induced fit model
Explained: What are enzymes, Chronology on Enzymes, Enzyme features, Chemical nature of enzymes, Holo enzyme, Activator, Coenzymes
Explained: Metabolism & metabolic pathways, Living state, Steady state is non equilibrium state, Molecular meaning of life
Explained: DNA intramolecular details, Numericals on DNA
Explained: Nucleic acids, Bonding in nucleic acid, Double helical model of DNA, Properties of DNA, Molecular details of DNA, Chargaff's role
Explained: Types of proteins, Bonding in Polymers, Nucleic acids, DNA
Explained: Proteins, Protein structure, alpha helical protein, Beta linear proteins, Collagen helix, Tertiary structure of protein, Quaternary structure of protein
Explained: Food storage polysaccharides, Starch : Amylose & amylopectin, Glycogen, Structural polysaccharides, Cellulose, Chitin, Mucopolysaccharides, Inulin & GFR, Bonding in Polysaccharides
Explained: Special type of Nucleotides, cAMP, ATP, Polysaccharides
Explained: Pentose sugar, Nitrogen bases, Purine and Pyrimidines, Details of nitrogen bases, Nucleoside, Nucleotide, Bonding with in nucleotide & between nucleotides
Explained: Amino acids, Peptide bonds, Type of amino acids, Zwittor ion, Iso-electric pH
Explained: Lipids, Triglycerides, Fatty acids & types, Unsaturated vs. Saturated fatty acids, EFA (essential fatty acids), Sterols & significance, Prostaglandins
Explained: Monosaccharides & derivatives, Disaccharides & its constituents, Importance of different sugars, Structural & Bond details in sugar
Explained: Water properties, Life & water qualities, Ash analysis, Homeostasis, Molecules in cell, Carbohydrates, Bonding & life
Explained: Importance of Biological molecules, What is Biomolecules, Comparison between living & nonliving, Type of biomolecules, Important Nobel prize winners
Explained: Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Interkinesis, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II, Significance of meiosis
Explained: Review of Leptotene & zygotene, Pachytene, Crossing over, Diplotene, Chiasmata, Diakinesis, Terminalization.
Explained: Meiosis and continuous variation, mitosis vs. meiosis, Brief outline of meiosis, meiosis I, Prophase I, Leptotene, Zygotene
Explained: Cytokinesis, Cell furrow & Cell plate method, Mitosis - C & Colchicine, Mitosis & Cancer
Explained : Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Significance of mitosis
Explained: M Phase, Mitosis, Prophase, Prometaphase, Spireme stage, Chromosome changes & Spirilization, Nuclear spindle apparatus
Explained: Interphase, G1 Phase, S Phase, G2 Phase, Mitotic Phase, Cell Cycle molecular level, Guardian of genome
Explained: The concept of Cell cycle, Cell cycle & its Phases, Interphase & M Phase, The need for Cell cycle.