Explained: Sensory organs, Eye Structure, Vision mechanism, Visual cortex & Information from eye, Optic chiasma.
Explained: Pineal gland, Thyroid gland, Parathyroid gland.
explained: Mid Brain, Ventricles of brain, Corpora qudrigemina, Hind Brain, Pons varolli, Cerebellum, Arbor vitae, Medulla oblongata, Reflex action & Reflex arc.
Explained: Pituitary gland, Sella tursica , Infundibulum, Adenohypophysis, Neurohypophysis, Hormones from Adenohypophysis, Hormones from Neurohypophysis, Pituitary hormones & target organs.
Explained: CNS, Brain Parts, Fore-brain, Diencephalon, Limbic system, Accessory brain areas, Thalamus & Hypothalamus.
Explained: Why endocrine system needed?, What are the hormones?, Scientific definition of hormones, Human endocrine system, Ecdysone, Brain hormone & Juvenile hormone in Invertebrates, Hypothalamus : Link between neural & endocrine system, Hypothalamus hormones.
Explained: Resting membrane potential, Polarized membrane, Voltage gated ion channels, Depolarization, Nerve impulse generation, Action potential & Current flow, Nerve impulse transmission.
Explained: Significance of Joints, Types of Joints, Fibrous joints, Cartilaginous joint, Synovial joint, Types of Synovial joint, Myesthenia gravis, Muscular dystrophy, Tetany, Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Gout
Explained: Human skeletal, Axial skeletal, Appendicular Skeleton, Skull - Cranium vault & facial bones, Vertebral column, Rib cage, Girdles & limbs, Glenoid cavity & Acetabulum, Ear ossicles & Hyoid
Explained: Human Nervous system, CNS & PNS, Sensory neuron & Motor neuron, Somatic neural system, Autonomic neural system, Parasympathetic nervous system, Sympathetic nervous system, Type of neurons, Nissl's granules, Type of axons, Continuous conduction & saltatory conduction.
Explained: Need of control & coordination, Organ systems involves in control & coordination, Nervous system & Endocrine system, Sensory tissue & Motor tissues, Evolution of Brain (Types).
Explained: Brief review of muscular structure, Physiology of muscle contraction, Role of Calcium in muscular contraction
Explained: Muscles Importance & types, Muscle structure in detail, Structure of Actin & Myosin, Sarcomere & Sarcoplasmic reticulum, Fascia & epimysium, Muscle fiber cell & Myofibril, Muscle fine structure.
Explained: Movement vs. Locomotion, Why locomotion is important?, Types of Movements in Human body.
Explained: Other excretory organs in Human body, Uremia, Hemodialysis, Kidney transplantation, Renal calculi, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney disease symptoms
Explained: Micturition, Micturition reflex, Pons & spinal cord in urination control, Stretch receptors & Pontine micturition center, Renal Glycosuria & Ketonuria, Urinary tract infection & types of UTI, Urine analysis.
Explained: Regulation of kidney functions, Osmoreceptors in Brain, JG apparatus in Kidney & Renin, Adrenal cortex & Aldosterone, Heart atrium & ANF, RAAS & Blood pressure, GFR & Blood volume.
Explained: Urine concentration mechanism, Counter current process, Loop of Henle & Vasa recta, Medullary interstitium & urine concentration, Why urine concentration is an important process, Osmolarity maintenance in inner medulla.
Explained: Urine formation, Functions of PCT, Functions of loop of Henle, Functions of DCT, Functions of collecting duct, ADH effect on Collecting duct & DCT.
Explained: Brief revision of kidney, Urine formation, Glomerular filtration, GFR & Its regulation, Tubular re-absorption, Tubular secretion, Renin - Angiotensin effect
Explained: Human excretory system, Human kidneys, Renal pelvis & Calyxes, Renal cortex & Renal medulla, Column of bertini, Renal papillae, Bowman's capsule / Glomerulus capsule, Glomerulus, Malphigian body / Renal corpuscle, Loop of henle & Vasa recta, PCT & DCT
Explained: Why animals need excretory system?, Why excretory system different from digestive system?, What are metabolic wastage?, Ammonotelic animals, Ureotelic animals, Excretory organs in different animals.
Explained: Double circulation, Pulmonary circulation, Systemic circulation, Control of Heart, Neural control on heart, Chemical control of heart, Heart diseases, Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
Explained: Cardiac Cycle, ECG, How our heart works?, Why ECG is an important investigation?, Behavior of heart valves.
Explained: Human blood vessel system, Human heart, Anatomy of heart, Electrical supply in heart, Heart valves & Heart sounds.
Explained: Circulatory systems, Open circulatory system, Closed circulatory system, 2 Chambered heart, 3 Chambered heart, 4 Chambered heart, Single circulation, Double circulation, Incomplete double circulation, Blood distribution in human body.
Explained: Process of lymph formation, Importance of lymphatic system, Composition of Lymph, Lymphatic vessels & Lymph flow, Lymphatic disorders, Role of Lymph in body.
Explained: Blood clotting : Why important?, Problems associated with poor clotting or excessive clotting, Hemostasis process & body response, Blood clotting factors & cascade process, Thrombus & Embolus.
explained: Blood groups, Fundamentals of ABO system, Genetics of ABO system, Rh Factor, Rh Inheritance, Rh Disease / Rh incompatibility, Erythroblastosis fetalis.
Explained: Why is the circulatory system required, Blood types & Chemistry, Double circulation: What does it mean?, Body fluids: its Distribution, Blood Plasma, Plasma proteins, Oncotic pressure, Formed elements, Erythrocytes, Granulocytes & Agranulocytes, Lymphocytes, Platelets, Functions of Blood.
Explained: Regulation of Respiratory process, Chemoreceptors - Peripheral & Central, Sensor, Central control body & effectors, Rhythm centre & Pneumotaxic centre, How ventilation regulated?, Hering - brueur reflex, Why is CO2 very important for controlling centres?, Common respiratory disorders, Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
Explained: How carbon dioxide comes into respiration?, How Carbon dioxide transported in blood?, What is chloride shift?, What is Haldane effect?, How Hb plays important role as Buffer & carrier?, Why Carbonic anhydrase is an important enzyme? Why it is present inside RBC?, Why Chloride & bicarbonate antiport takes place?.
Explained: Transport of Gases, Role of RBC & Hb, Oxygen dissociation curve, Bohr effect on oxygen dissociation, Right shift of Oxygen dissociation curve, Left shift of Oxygen dissociation curve, Important concepts & points
Explained: Spirometry & its significance, Various lung volumes & lung capacities, Ventilation-perfusion ratio, Pulmonary ventilation, Transport of gases, Diffusion membrane during respiration, Fundamentals of gaseous exchange.
Explained: Inspiration & Expiration, Role of Pressure gradient in Respiration, How we inhale air during breathing?, How we exhale air during breathing?.
Explained: Breathing, Phases of Respiration, Upper respiratory tract, Lower Respiratory tract, Lungs anatomy, Pharynx parts & Larynx structure, Alveolar system.
Explained: Digestion in different parts of Alimentary canal, Absorption in Alimentary canal, Disorders of digestive system.
Explained: Gall bladder & Gall stones, Pancreas, Pancreas Exocrine part, Pancreas Endocrine Part, Pancreatic juice, Digestive actions of different enzymes, Function of Pancreas.
Explained: Liver, External structure of liver, Internal details of liver, Biliary system, Blood connections, Bile & its significance, Functions of Liver
Explained: Digestive Glands, Requirement by Alimentary canal, Salivary glands, Parotid gland & Stensen's duct, Submaxillary / Submandibular gland & Wharton's duct, Sublingual gland & ducts of rivinus, Salivation & Saliva, Hypo - salivation & Hyper - salivation, Functions of Saliva
Explained: Large intestine, Caecum, Vermiform appendix, Appendicitis & Peritonitis, Iliocaecal valve & Iliocaecal orifice, Colon, Taeniae coli & haustra / Saccules, Rectum, Anal canal & anal column, Anus & Problem of piles, Function of large intestine
Explained: Gastric Glands, Stomach functions, Small intestine, Duodenum, Jejunum & Ileum, Plica Circulares, Histology of small intestine, Villi & Microvilli, Brunner's gland, Crypts of Lieberkuhn, Paneth's cells, Peyer's patches, Small intestine functions
Explained: Human teeth, Dental formula, Pharynx, Waldeyer's ring, Oesophagus, Stomach
Explained: Human alimentary canal parts, General histology of Alimentary canal, Buccopharyngeal cavity, Palate, Tongue, Sulcus terminus, Foramen caecum, Tongue papillae
Explained: Nutritional imbalance, malnutrition, Kwashiorkor & Marasmus, Obesity & Diabetes, BMI criteria, Overview of digestive system
Explained: What is food?, Why digestion needed?, Nutrition types, Food composition & Dietetics, BMR & Factors affecting it