Explained: Phloem transport, Loading & unloading of sugar, Pressure flow mechanism, Role of Turgor pressure
Explained: Why minerals are required?, Source of mineral ions for plant, Passive mineral absorption, What is Donnan equilibrium?, What is Contact exchange?, Active Mineral absorption, Mineral translocation, Mineral re-mobilization in plants
Explained: Why en-mass flow required?, Why pressure is needed in mass flow?, Mechanism of Mass flow, Xylem & phloem in mass flow, Transpiration - Multipurpose activity, C4 plants more water efficient as compare to C3, Why C4 plants more water efficient in photosynthesis?
Explained: Scotoactive stomata, Opening of stomata at night, Factors affecting rate of transpiration, Porometer & Potometer, Guttation, Guttation vs. Transpiration, Significance of transpiration, Anti transpirants
Explained: Mechanism of opening of stomata, Why is the shape of guard cell important?, Theories to explain the opening of photoactive stomata, Photosynthetic theory, Permeability hypothesis, Starch - Sugar interconversion theories, Active potassium ion and hormone regulation theory
Explained: Transpiration, Why it is a necessary evil?, Types of Transpiration, Stomata, Guard cells & subsidiary cells, Shape of Guard cells
Explained: Physical theories for Ascent of Sap, Cohesion of water & transpiration pull theory, Why is the most accepted concept?, How transpiration pull plays important role in the ascent of sap?, How water column maintained during Ascent of sap?
Explained: Meaning of Ascent of Sap, Role of Conducting tissues, Ringing experiment, Vital theories, Relay pump hypothesis, Pulsation theory, Root pressure theory
Explained: Mechanism of water absorption in Plants, Passive water absorption, Active water absorption, Transpiration pull, Osmotic active absorption mechanism, Non-osmotic absorption mechanism, Factors affecting water absorption
Explained: Root hair / Mature region, Forms of water, Water movement direction, Physical forces in water absorption, Role of DPD & Water potential in water flow
Explained: Matric potential, Water potential - third component, Imbibition, Imbibition pressure, Three events during Imbibition, Significance of Imbibition
Explained: Diffusion Pressure Deficit, DPD of a plasmolysed cell, DPD of a fully turgid cell, DPD in cell to cell water movement, Water potential, Components of Water potential, Why pure water has Zero water potential?
Explained: Plant cell as an Osmotic system, Plasmolysis, De-Plasmolysis, Turgidity & flaccidity, Turgor Pressure, Wall pressure, The conditions where TP = 0 & TP = OP
Explained: Tonicity & its Osmotic effect, Exosmosis & Endosmosis, Osmoscope & Osmometer, Concept of Osmotic pressure, Concept of Osmotic potential, Factors affecting Osmotic pressure, Osmotic pressure - a colligative property
Explained: Facilitated diffusion, Co-transport, Uniport, Symport & antiport, Active transport, Passive transport vs. Active transport, Osmosis, Osmotic water movement
Explained: Plant Physiology, Phenomenon of Permeability, Semi-permeability vs. Selective permeability, Membrane behavior, Diffusion & Laws of thermodynamics, Properties of diffusion, Factors affecting diffusion, Diffusion pressure